КОНСПЕКТ ПО СТРАНОВЕДЕНИЮ
Тема “ NATIONAL SYMBOLS”
- формировать социокультурную компетенцию;
- ознакомить студентов с символикой Соединенного Королевства: официальной и неофициальной;
- познакомить с реалиями по данной теме;
- совершенствовать умения и навыки чтения, аудирования, говорения;
- развивать догадку, воображение, память;
- развивать лингвострановедческий кругозор
Оснащение: портреты Святых Великобритании, рисунки или открытки с национальными символами, флаги, раздаточный материал для работы в подгруппах и парах.
T: Look at these pictures. Do you know these men? Try to guess what they are.
Can you name these plants/ flowers.
(на доске изображения Святых Великобритании: Св.Георга, Св.Андрея, Св.Патрика, Св.Давида. а также открытки или рисунки цветов-эмблем: красной розы, чертополоха, лука-порея и нарцисса, трилистника.)
T: How are the Saints connected with the flowers? What is common between them? Try to guess the cultural connection
St/ T : All of them are symbols of the UK.
T: What first words come to your mind when we speak of any country and its symbols?
(на доске появляются: Symbols Flag Anthem Coat of Arms
T: Of course, each country is first of all recognized by its flag. Let’s speak about the flag of the UK. Do you know how it looks like? How many colours are in it? Look at it.
(демонстрируется Британский флаг)
T: The flag of the UK is officially called the Union Flag, because it embodies the emblems of the countries united under one monarch. By the way, how many countries does it unite?
The Union flag is commonly known as the Union Jack, although the exact origin of the name is unclear. Where did it take its name from? Your opinions, please.
(студенты рассуждают, откуда могло взяться название Британского флага)
T: One explanation is that it gets its name from the “jack staff” of naval vessels (a small flagpole at the front of Royal Navy vessels) from which the original Union Flag was flown.
The Jack Union consists of some crosses. Do you see them? How many can you count? How many countries do they represent?
St./T.: There are three crosses named after the three Saints. The fourth is not included. Who and why we’ll know after your reading.
Form a group of 3-4, read the article, find the most important information about the Saint and draw a flag with his cross. Then present it to other groups.
Not more than 5 minutes for this.
(студенты читают информацию и стараются по описанию нарисовать флаг Англии, Уэльса и т. Д., однако, информация разная и им предстоит обменяться ею внутри группы, чтобы составить полную)
EX. Group 1
1. The red upright cross on the white field is St.George’scross- the patron saint of England.
2. He was a soldier famous for saving the Princess Cleolinda from being eaten by a dragon. He wounded the dragon and took it back to the city of Silene on a lead like a dog.
3. St.George’s Day is celebrated on the 23 of April. It is the church festival, regarded as England’s national day, although not an official bank holiday.
1. The diagonal white cross on the blue field is St.Andrew’s cross- the patron saint of Scotland.
2. Saint Andrew, a fisherman, was one of the 12 apostles who followed Jesus Christ. Paintings of St.Andrew often show him being killed on an X-shaped cross.
3. St.Andrew’s Day is celebrated on the 30 of November. It is the church festival, regarded as Scotland’s national day, although not an official bank holiday. St.Andrew is the patron saint of Russia too.
1. The red diagonal cross on the white field is St.Patrick’s cross- the patron saint of Ireland.
2. He was born about AD 390. He converted the Irish to Christianity and is supposed to have got rid of all the snakes in Ireland.
3. St. Patrick’s Day is celebrated on March 17, regarded as a national day in Northern Ireland and an official bank holiday there.
1. The Welsh flag shows a red dragon on a field of white and green. It dates from the 15th century and is not represented on the Union Jack because by the time the first version of the flag appeared, Wales was already united with England.
2. St.David started a number of monasteries in the country. Paintings of St.David normally show him with a dove on his shoulder. His relicts are now in St.David’s Cathedrals in Wales.
3.St.David’s Day is celebrated on March 1. the church festival, regarded as the national holiday of Wales, although not an official bank holiday.
T.: Now it’s time to present your flags and exchange the information you’ve got. Let’s fill in the table: Compare yours with ones I have.
FLAG NAME FAMOUS FOR CELEBRATION.
(студенты заполняют таблицу)
T: And now listen to the whole history of the Union Flag. Mark the dates used in the text:
(1606, 1649, 1660, 1801)
Answer my questions:
1. What events happened in these years?
2. Who wanted to introduce a new flag?
3. What did Cromwell’s flag consist of?
T: Now you have some minutes to make notes of what we’ve spoken.
(студенты делают записи о том, что услышали)
T: The second symbol that stands in our list is the anthem. It is the oldest in the world, established in 1745 and based on a song of the 17th century.
- What or who do you think the anthem glorifies?
St./T.: It glorifies the King or the Queen of the UK.
T.: Take the beginning of it and try to fill in the gaps with adjectives(студентампредлагаетсявставитьподходящиепосмыслуприлагательные)
God save our gracious Queen,
God save our noble Queen,
God save the Queen!
Send her victorious,
Happy and glorious
Long to reign over us,
God save the Queen!
(вариант 2: студентам предлагается исправить в гимне неправильные слова на правильные: ex. King, lovely, to rule etc.)
T: Now let’s listen to your variants and compare with the original. (Прослушивается Британский ГИМН)
T: Now look at these pictures. We see beautiful flowers. All of them are national symbols. And I can hardly remember any other country with flowers as national emblems. GB is an interesting country, isn’t it?
Poppy is an emblem of the whole country. Can you guess why? How many petals does a poppy have? ( 4 petals on one stem- 4 countries united) A poppy became a symbol of peace after the First World War. Britons have worn them ever since to recall to mind those who died in the two world wars.
T: Now let’s divide into 4 groups. (Студенты делятся на 4 подгруппы путем собирания пазла- растительного символа Британии) Whatflowerdoyouwanttoknowabout? Your group will be the rose../the thistle../the daffodil../ the shamrock.
Read the information. (5 minutes). Now form another group with representatives from each flower. Exchange the information you’ve got.
The red rosebecame the emblem of England after the Wars of Roses (1455-14585) which was the war of dynasties for the English throne. All rivalry between the Roses ended by the marriage of Henry VII Tudor (the Lancastrian whose emblem was the red rose) with Princess Elizabeth, the daughter of Edward IV (the Yorkist whose emblem was the white rose). The red rose has since become the national emblem of England.
The thistle, the national emblem of Scotland, was chosen as such because it saved the country from the enemy. This is what the legend says about it. In 1263 a Norwegian army invaded Scotland and made a surprise night attack on the Scottish army camp. The Scots, not expecting an attack, were not keeping a good watch. On coming quite near the Norwegians took off their shoes not to make noise. But one of them trod on a thistle and cried out in pain. The Scots were roused and in the resulting battle defeated the Norwegians. Scots, thankful for timely help, chose the thistle as their national emblem.
The daffodil or the leek is Welshmen’s national emblems. Welshmen all over the world celebrate St.David’s Day by wearing either leeks or daffodils. St.David is supposed to have lived for several years on bread and wild leeks, so the link between St.David and the leek is a strong one.
The daffodil is also closely associated with St.David due to the belief that it flowers on that very day. Nowadays more and more Welshmen chose the daffodil, because thy think the leek vulgar.
The shamrock, the national emblem of the Irish, is proudly worn on St.Patrick’s Day, March 17. A popular notion is that when preaching the doctrine of the Holy Trinity to the pagan Irish , St Patrick used the shamrock , a small white clover with three leaves on one stem as an illustration of the mystery.
T: Students, do you know any other English-speaking countries having plants or their parts as emblems? (Canada-maple leaf)
At home you are to draw the flag of your country and find I the information
about what it represents.
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